Medical Education in Bangladesh for Indian Students

MBBS Study Pattern in Bangladesh

In recent years, medical education in developed and developing countries has undergone profound changes. To cope with these changes, medical schools around the world have attempted to make their curricula more meaningful and relevant to the needs of the time and to produce doctors oriented to the real needs of the community.  

Medical education in Bangladesh has also experienced many changes and challenges. In Bangladesh a set up for undergraduate medical education was continued from the pre-liberation period up to 1988. Then a great change was brought about in curriculum in 1988 by making it more community oriented. Although, it was a combined product of reorientation of medical education and community oriented medical education but a thoroughly revised new curriculum for undergraduate MBBS course was implemented in 2002 in Bangladesh aiming at qualitative improvement in medical education. This new problem oriented curriculum for undergraduate medical education was introduced following the recommendations of medical educationists and it was approved by Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council.

It divided the long 5 years course into four parts by first, second, third  and fourth professional examinations. The students have to face a lot of formative examinations in each discipline. Item examinations (covering shortest content area; e.g. 1-3 topics), card examinations (covering several items; e.g. single body area or system) and term examinations (covering several items and card; e.g. two – three body areas or systems) are three types of formative assessment are held in the medical colleges to enhance intern doctor’s learning and academic activities.

The MBBS students are being taught by lectures, tutorials, practical demonstrations and bedside clinical teachings. Modern teaching aid like OHP, multimedia, models were facilitating the classes of MBBS course. A good number of teachers is also trained on modern teaching and assessment methods.

MBBS Curriculum in Bangladesh

MBBS Education in Bangladesh the Curriculum same as India same MCI Guidelines.

The MBBS course is divided into four phases.

Phase Duration Subjects Examination
1st phase 1½ year Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry First Professional MBBS
2nd phase 1 year Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine Second Professional MBBS
3rd phase 1 year Pharmacology & Therapeutics Pathology Microbiology Third Professional MBBS
4th phase 1½ year Medicine & Allied subjects, Surgery & Allied subjects, Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Final Professional MBBS

 Medical Education in Bangladesh for Indian Students

NB: All academic activities including professional examination of each phase must be completed within the specified time of the phase.

The university examinations will be held in the first week of January and July each year.

Subjects with distribution of marks for different professional examinations are as follows:

First Professional Examination

Subjects Written Exam Marks Structured Oral Exam Marks Practical Exam Marks Formative Exam Marks Total Marks
Soft Part Hard Part
Anatomy 180 150 75 75 20 500
Physiology 180 100 100 20 400
Biochemistry 180 100 100 20 400
Total 1300

Second Professional Examination

Subjects Written Exam Marks Structured Oral Exam Marks Practical Exam Marks Formative Exam Marks Total Marks
Community Medicine 90 100 100 10 300
Forensic Medicine 90 100 100 10 300
Total 600

Third Professional Examination

Subjects Written Exam Marks Structured Oral Exam Marks Practical Exam Marks Formative Exam Marks Total Marks
Pharmacology & Therapeutics 90 100 100 10 300
Pathology 90 100 100 10 300
Microbiology 90 100 100 10 300
Total 900

Fourth Professional Examination

Subjects Written Exam Marks Structured Oral Exam Marks Clinical Practical Formative Exam Marks Total Marks
Medicine & Allied Subject 180 100 100 100 20 500
Surgery & Allied Subject 180 100 100 100 20 500
Obstetrics & Gynaecology 180 100 100 100 20 500
Total 1500
  • Department of Anatomy
  • Department of Physiology
  • Department of Biochemistry
  • Department of Community Medicine
  • Department of Pathology
  • Department of Pharmacology
  • Department of Microbiology
  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Department of Medicine
  • Department of Surgery
  • Department of Paediatrics
  • Department of Ophthalmology
  • Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Department of Radiology
  • Department of Dentistry
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