Medical Education in Bangladesh for Indian Students

MBBS Study Pattern in Bangladesh

In recent years, medical education in developed and developing countries has undergone profound changes. To cope with these changes, medical schools around the world have attempted to make their curricula more meaningful and relevant to the needs of the time and to produce doctors oriented to the real needs of the community.  

Medical education in Bangladesh has also experienced many changes and challenges. In Bangladesh a set up for undergraduate medical education was continued from the pre-liberation period up to 1988. Then a great change was brought about in curriculum in 1988 by making it more community oriented. Although, it was a combined product of reorientation of medical education and community oriented medical education but a thoroughly revised new curriculum for undergraduate MBBS course was implemented in 2002 in Bangladesh aiming at qualitative improvement in medical education. This new problem oriented curriculum for undergraduate medical education was introduced following the recommendations of medical educationists and it was approved by Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council.

It divided the long 5 years course into four parts by first, second, third  and fourth professional examinations. The students have to face a lot of formative examinations in each discipline. Item examinations (covering shortest content area; e.g. 1-3 topics), card examinations (covering several items; e.g. single body area or system) and term examinations (covering several items and card; e.g. two – three body areas or systems) are three types of formative assessment are held in the medical colleges to enhance intern doctor’s learning and academic activities.

The MBBS students are being taught by lectures, tutorials, practical demonstrations and bedside clinical teachings. Modern teaching aid like OHP, multimedia, models were facilitating the classes of MBBS course. A good number of teachers is also trained on modern teaching and assessment methods.

MBBS Curriculum in Bangladesh

MBBS Education in Bangladesh the Curriculum same as India same MCI Guidelines.

The MBBS course is divided into four phases.

PhaseDurationSubjectsExamination
1st phase1½ yearAnatomy, Physiology, BiochemistryFirst Professional MBBS
2nd phase1 yearCommunity Medicine, Forensic MedicineSecond Professional MBBS
3rd phase1 yearPharmacology & Therapeutics Pathology MicrobiologyThird Professional MBBS
4th phase1½ yearMedicine & Allied subjects, Surgery & Allied subjects, Obstetrics & Gynaecology.Final Professional MBBS

 Medical Education in Bangladesh for Indian Students

NB: All academic activities including professional examination of each phase must be completed within the specified time of the phase.

The university examinations will be held in the first week of January and July each year.

Subjects with distribution of marks for different professional examinations are as follows:

First Professional Examination

SubjectsWritten Exam MarksStructured Oral Exam MarksPractical Exam MarksFormative Exam MarksTotal Marks
Soft PartHard Part
Anatomy180150757520500
Physiology18010010020400
Biochemistry18010010020400
Total1300

Second Professional Examination

SubjectsWritten Exam MarksStructured Oral Exam MarksPractical Exam MarksFormative Exam MarksTotal Marks
Community Medicine9010010010300
Forensic Medicine9010010010300
Total600

Third Professional Examination

SubjectsWritten Exam MarksStructured Oral Exam MarksPractical Exam MarksFormative Exam MarksTotal Marks
Pharmacology & Therapeutics9010010010300
Pathology9010010010300
Microbiology9010010010300
Total900

Fourth Professional Examination

SubjectsWritten Exam MarksStructured Oral Exam MarksClinicalPracticalFormative Exam MarksTotal Marks
Medicine & Allied Subject18010010010020500
Surgery & Allied Subject18010010010020500
Obstetrics & Gynaecology18010010010020500
Total1500
  • Department of Anatomy
  • Department of Physiology
  • Department of Biochemistry
  • Department of Community Medicine
  • Department of Pathology
  • Department of Pharmacology
  • Department of Microbiology
  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • Department of Medicine
  • Department of Surgery
  • Department of Paediatrics
  • Department of Ophthalmology
  • Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Department of Radiology
  • Department of Dentistry
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